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Contrebia Leucade

tipo de documento Attractions

...

Aguilar del Río Alhama

This is one of the oldest settlements in La Rioja, located on the right bank of the river Alhama, close to Inestrillas and Aguilar del Río Alhama, between two small hills. The oldest remains correspond to a burial site dating back to the end of the second millennium before Christ. In the cave of los Lagos (the lakes) some human remains and pottery fragments from the end of the Bronze Age were discovered.

The Peledons settled at Contrebia Leukade during the Iron Age. There, they constructed a fortress, taking advantage of a rocky escarpment over the river, urbanised the land and excavated houses in the rock, with a rectangular floor plan.

Towards the second half of the 4th century before Christ, other Celtiberian tribes arrived. These tribes extended the settlement and reinforced the defensive systems by excavating a deep moat out of the rock and constructing ramparts around the town. Work was also carried out to supply the settlement with drinking water. Then the Romans arrived and conquered the town in the year 142 BC, leading to the Romanisation of the lands of the Alhama river basin.

At present, the archaeological site is one of the most spectacular ones in the Peninsular and is the most significant one for learning about the extent of the Celtiberian technical development and organisational capacity.

THE DEFENSIVE SYSTEM

The excavation of the moat, which was almost 700 metres long and had a width of around 8 metres, involved the removal of more than 40,000 cubic metres of stone which was subsequently used to construct the ramparts. Only some sections of these ramparts still remain, however the latest archaeological excavations have revealed the complete layout. Those wall sections still standing show evidence of subsequent repairs; such work will need to be chronologically dated in future archaeological work on the site.

The sections conserved in the extreme east pertain to the primitive stage, at the highest point of the archaeological complex. The wall closing off the northern side, the lowest point of the town and right next to the river, differs from the rest of the ramparts in both style and construction technique. It has six semi-circular towers, two of which flank a gateway, and they are predominantly built of well-dressed and well-arranged sandstone. Its construction, brought back several metres with regard to the Celtiberian wall, dates back to the end of the 1st or 2nd century AD.

URBANISM

The town plan adapts to the irregular relief of the site. The houses are aligned in well defined streets, following the contour lines. The house floor plan tends to be rectangular and is often divided into several rooms, arranged lengthwise.

The most complete houses are composed of three rooms: a hall used for auxiliary purposes such as storing wood and implements, locating the weaving loom or storing products for immediate consumption; a main room where the hearth was located slightly above ground and a storeroom which varied in size and, in many houses, acquired a great depth to form huge, underground rooms with a pointed ceiling. Either in the hall or in the main room, but almost always in the contact area, there were one or two stores excavated out of the rock and coated with plaster and covered with a wooden lid.

The conservation of an important part of the side walls excavated out of the rock, in addition to the mortises to receive the beams, reveal the existence of several floors in some of the houses, offsetting the limited surface area by building upwards.

Normally the floors of the houses were made of flattened earth which was repaired and periodically levelled with fresh layers. However, at a later period, coinciding with the Roman rule, special floors were used with mosaics decorated with geometric motifs and schematic animal and plant motifs.

WORKS TO CREATE A WATER SUPPLY
 
To guarantee a permanent supply of water in sufficient quantities to ensure independence from outside supplies, the inhabitants of Contrebia constructed two works that have no comparison within the Celtiberian period. The constructions involved the creation of two accesses connecting the inner town with the Alhama water table. The southern most access was connected to what is known as the cave of Los Lagos or Lakes, of which the entrance and first few metres of the route are still conserved. The second access was a deep well hollowed out of the rock, with access from inside the town by a flight of steps which were also carved out of the rock and partially arched.

The work was carried out in two stages. The first stage involved hollowing out a well that was supplied through a small channel that took its water from the Alhama river. This above-ground construction meant that, at times of siege, it was easy to intercept the channel and interrupt the water supply. This circumstance must have occurred, leading to the redesign consisting in making the whole complex deeper, the access stairs and well, until the river water table was reached, enabling a constant water supply to be maintained below ground.

For further information about Contrebia Leukade you can visist the Interpretation Centre in Aguilar del Río Alhama.

Aguilar del Río Alhama

This is one of the oldest settlements in La Rioja, located on the right bank of the river Alhama, close to Inestrillas and Aguilar del Río Alhama, between two small hills. The oldest remains correspond to a burial site dating back to the end of the second millennium before Christ. In the cave of los Lagos (the lakes) some human remains and pottery fragments from the end of the Bronze Age were discovered.

The Peledons settled at Contrebia Leukade during the Iron Age. There, they constructed a fortress, taking advantage of a rocky escarpment over the river, urbanised the land and excavated houses in the rock, with a rectangular floor plan.

Towards the second half of the 4th century before Christ, other Celtiberian tribes arrived. These tribes extended the settlement and reinforced the defensive systems by excavating a deep moat out of the rock and constructing ramparts around the town. Work was also carried out to supply the settlement with drinking water. Then the Romans arrived and conquered the town in the year 142 BC, leading to the Romanisation of the lands of the Alhama river basin.

At present, the archaeological site is one of the most spectacular ones in the Peninsular and is the most significant one for learning about the extent of the Celtiberian technical development and organisational capacity.

THE DEFENSIVE SYSTEM

The excavation of the moat, which was almost 700 metres long and had a width of around 8 metres, involved the removal of more than 40,000 cubic metres of stone which was subsequently used to construct the ramparts. Only some sections of these ramparts still remain, however the latest archaeological excavations have revealed the complete layout. Those wall sections still standing show evidence of subsequent repairs; such work will need to be chronologically dated in future archaeological work on the site.

The sections conserved in the extreme east pertain to the primitive stage, at the highest point of the archaeological complex. The wall closing off the northern side, the lowest point of the town and right next to the river, differs from the rest of the ramparts in both style and construction technique. It has six semi-circular towers, two of which flank a gateway, and they are predominantly built of well-dressed and well-arranged sandstone. Its construction, brought back several metres with regard to the Celtiberian wall, dates back to the end of the 1st or 2nd century AD.

URBANISM

The town plan adapts to the irregular relief of the site. The houses are aligned in well defined streets, following the contour lines. The house floor plan tends to be rectangular and is often divided into several rooms, arranged lengthwise.

The most complete houses are composed of three rooms: a hall used for auxiliary purposes such as storing wood and implements, locating the weaving loom or storing products for immediate consumption; a main room where the hearth was located slightly above ground and a storeroom which varied in size and, in many houses, acquired a great depth to form huge, underground rooms with a pointed ceiling. Either in the hall or in the main room, but almost always in the contact area, there were one or two stores excavated out of the rock and coated with plaster and covered with a wooden lid.

The conservation of an important part of the side walls excavated out of the rock, in addition to the mortises to receive the beams, reveal the existence of several floors in some of the houses, offsetting the limited surface area by building upwards.

Normally the floors of the houses were made of flattened earth which was repaired and periodically levelled with fresh layers. However, at a later period, coinciding with the Roman rule, special floors were used with mosaics decorated with geometric motifs and schematic animal and plant motifs.

WORKS TO CREATE A WATER SUPPLY
 
To guarantee a permanent supply of water in sufficient quantities to ensure independence from outside supplies, the inhabitants of Contrebia constructed two works that have no comparison within the Celtiberian period. The constructions involved the creation of two accesses connecting the inner town with the Alhama water table. The southern most access was connected to what is known as the cave of Los Lagos or Lakes, of which the entrance and first few metres of the route are still conserved. The second access was a deep well hollowed out of the rock, with access from inside the town by a flight of steps which were also carved out of the rock and partially arched.

The work was carried out in two stages. The first stage involved hollowing out a well that was supplied through a small channel that took its water from the Alhama river. This above-ground construction meant that, at times of siege, it was easy to intercept the channel and interrupt the water supply. This circumstance must have occurred, leading to the redesign consisting in making the whole complex deeper, the access stairs and well, until the river water table was reached, enabling a constant water supply to be maintained below ground.

For further information about Contrebia Leukade you can visist the Interpretation Centre in Aguilar del Río Alhama.

...

Azofra

This new botanical garden offers nature lovers an immense space packed with trees, flowers, and palnts from all over the world.

Seven areas displaying 600 species: maple wood, apple orchard, olive grove, rose garden, the lagoon, the poplar grove and the greenhouse.

The best way to get there is turning off at Km. 32 of the N-120 Logroño-Burgos highway. The visitor must head for Azofra, find the Pilgrims' Refuge and take the Old Lane from Azofra to Hormilla which leads directly to the Botanical Gardens.

The vist takes an hour and a half.

Azofra

This new botanical garden offers nature lovers an immense space packed with trees, flowers, and palnts from all over the world.

Seven areas displaying 600 species: maple wood, apple orchard, olive grove, rose garden, the lagoon, the poplar grove and the greenhouse.

The best way to get there is turning off at Km. 32 of the N-120 Logroño-Burgos highway. The visitor must head for Azofra, find the Pilgrims' Refuge and take the Old Lane from Azofra to Hormilla which leads directly to the Botanical Gardens.

The vist takes an hour and a half.

Tierra Rapaz

tipo de documento Attractions

...

Calahorra

Tierra Rapaz es un parque de aves rapaces dedicado a la educación medio ambiental, cuyo objetivo prioritario es acercar la ciencia y el estudio sobre estas aves al visitante de una manera divertida y apasionante. En él, se dan a conocer diversas áreas de la biología de estas majestuosas aves como el desarrollo embrionario en un ave rapaz, la cría de sus pollos, sus habilidades para cazar y comportamentales, sus amenazas y problemas de conservación y muchas cosas más. Aprender y divertirse es ahora posible en un parque para todas las edades.

Calahorra

Tierra Rapaz es un parque de aves rapaces dedicado a la educación medio ambiental, cuyo objetivo prioritario es acercar la ciencia y el estudio sobre estas aves al visitante de una manera divertida y apasionante. En él, se dan a conocer diversas áreas de la biología de estas majestuosas aves como el desarrollo embrionario en un ave rapaz, la cría de sus pollos, sus habilidades para cazar y comportamentales, sus amenazas y problemas de conservación y muchas cosas más. Aprender y divertirse es ahora posible en un parque para todas las edades.

El Barranco Perdido

tipo de documento Attractions

...

Enciso

More than 120 million years ago, dinosaurs lived in this place. They lived in a unique setting, the ancient Tethys Sea, where they left their mark. Today we continue to be amazed by their habitat, their food, their way of life, hunting... i.e, the true natural setting of saurians. And we know it because palaeontologists have used all the tools available to them to discover the remains of one of the most amazing animals that have inhabited our planet.

Screening and exhibition area
On the top floor of the entrance building you can enjoy a 3D screening in which the dinosaurs are the stars. In addition, the exhibition area, located in the same building, explores the work of palaeontologists, with a sample of the materials used and the remains of an excavation. The exhibition is interactive, through games (puzzles and touchscreens) in which the visitor is the protagonist.

Further information at www.barrancoperdido.com

Enciso

More than 120 million years ago, dinosaurs lived in this place. They lived in a unique setting, the ancient Tethys Sea, where they left their mark. Today we continue to be amazed by their habitat, their food, their way of life, hunting... i.e, the true natural setting of saurians. And we know it because palaeontologists have used all the tools available to them to discover the remains of one of the most amazing animals that have inhabited our planet.

Screening and exhibition area
On the top floor of the entrance building you can enjoy a 3D screening in which the dinosaurs are the stars. In addition, the exhibition area, located in the same building, explores the work of palaeontologists, with a sample of the materials used and the remains of an excavation. The exhibition is interactive, through games (puzzles and touchscreens) in which the visitor is the protagonist.

Further information at www.barrancoperdido.com

...

Gimileo

AFRA is a non-profit organization which aims to disseminate railway culture and bring it closer to society

ACTIVITIES AND SERVICES:
– Travel by train along the 600m of track; passing under the footbridge, over the metal bridge and through the tunnel.

– The Park has a large garden area and a clubhouse with a terrace where you can have a drink.

– The ideal place for holding a children's birthday party. CALL FOR MORE INFORMATION.

INFORMATION:
For any doubt or clarification please call us on:
696 527561 y 609 453178
e-mail: afratren@telefonica.net
www.afraharo.com

EDUCATIONAL OFFER (for schools):

– Visit the Park where you will receive an informative talk on means of transportation, the environmental impact they cause, the history of the railway…

– On the circuit you'll see how a train is driven, how it works and its characteristics, and travel in it.

Visiting Times:
Sundays and holidays, from 11:00 to 14:00
· For Groups (schools, birthday parties, celebrations, …) Monday to Sunday by appointment.

AFICIONADOS AL FERROCARRILDE LA RIOJA ALTA
Pepe Blanco 7, Bajo - Logroño

Gimileo

AFRA is a non-profit organization which aims to disseminate railway culture and bring it closer to society

ACTIVITIES AND SERVICES:
– Travel by train along the 600m of track; passing under the footbridge, over the metal bridge and through the tunnel.

– The Park has a large garden area and a clubhouse with a terrace where you can have a drink.

– The ideal place for holding a children's birthday party. CALL FOR MORE INFORMATION.

INFORMATION:
For any doubt or clarification please call us on:
696 527561 y 609 453178
e-mail: afratren@telefonica.net
www.afraharo.com

EDUCATIONAL OFFER (for schools):

– Visit the Park where you will receive an informative talk on means of transportation, the environmental impact they cause, the history of the railway…

– On the circuit you'll see how a train is driven, how it works and its characteristics, and travel in it.

Visiting Times:
Sundays and holidays, from 11:00 to 14:00
· For Groups (schools, birthday parties, celebrations, …) Monday to Sunday by appointment.

AFICIONADOS AL FERROCARRILDE LA RIOJA ALTA
Pepe Blanco 7, Bajo - Logroño

...

Logroño

El Centro de la Cultura del Rioja es un espacio singular dedicado al mundo de la cultura del vino de Rioja y su gastronomía edificado en un particular espacio, sobre los restos rehabilitados del Palacio de los Yangüas del siglo XVI y enclavado en el corazón del casco antiguo de Logroño, dentro del "triángulo de oro" del enoturismo en la ciudad, lo que lo convierte en el núcleo del turismo enológico en nuestra región. Un museo que te transmitirá una forma de vida en torno a un producto único: el vino de Rioja.

Logroño

El Centro de la Cultura del Rioja es un espacio singular dedicado al mundo de la cultura del vino de Rioja y su gastronomía edificado en un particular espacio, sobre los restos rehabilitados del Palacio de los Yangüas del siglo XVI y enclavado en el corazón del casco antiguo de Logroño, dentro del "triángulo de oro" del enoturismo en la ciudad, lo que lo convierte en el núcleo del turismo enológico en nuestra región. Un museo que te transmitirá una forma de vida en torno a un producto único: el vino de Rioja.

Romanos

tipo de documento Attractions

...

Logroño

With regard to the Romanisation of the lands of La Rioja, the vestiges of the infrastructures and communication system between the Roman towns are still conserved:

Alfaro: Graccurris: this was the first Roman settlement in the Ebro river valley.

Calahorra: Calagurris and Iula Nassica: since the time of the Pax of Augustus, this became a town in its own right, with public works such as aqueducts, sewers, spas and a circus.

Varea: Vareia. This was one of the most important Roman towns, where numerous remains such as coins, pottery and the gold and silver broach of Varea have been found.

Tricio: Tritium Magallum: this was a pottery centre which distributed “terra sigillata” (stamped earth) containers throughout the Roman Empire.

Libia: a settlement whose foundations are located between Herramélluri and Grañón.

ROADS

The most important road is the Ebro Valley road, from Saragossa to Briviesca. Secondary roads come off this main Ebro road, communicating Numancia through the valleys of the rivers Irregula, Najerilla, Leza, Cidacos and Alhama. A 35 km section of the Roman Road from Varea to Numancia, between Torrecilla at Cameros and Piqueras, has been recovered and conditioned for walking.

BRIDGES

The Mantible bridge over the river Ebro, some seven kilometres from Logroño, towards Asa.

The Cihuri bridge:  a Roman bridge from the 2nd century AD, reconstructed in the medieval period, over the River Tirón in the district of Priorato.

GATEWAYS

At Calahorra, of the town’s four main gateways, the gateway of the Planillo de San Andrés still remains, together with another next to the vestiges of the ramparts under San Francisco, and a further gateway is concealed in the street of Refugio.

TOWERS

Of the five or six towers that were constructed in the high part of Calahorra, only one deteriorated tower, named Morrión de San Andrés, is still conserved at the Portillo de Lan Rosa.

CIRCUSES

In Calahorra there was a Roman circus around the present-day Paseo del Mercandal walk, of which only the vestiges of the northern walls remain. Also to be found in Calahorra are the vestiges of a temple, spas, sewers, drainage system, all of which can be visited.

AQUEDUCTS  
          

At Alcanadre, the vestiges of an aqueduct can be found. 13 arches of the original 108 arches still remain; it is located between the Ebro river and the road from Lodosa to Los Arcos and was designed to carry water to Calahorra, 18 kilometres in a straight line.

The Sorbán Aqueduct, which possibly brought water from the area of Arnedo.

FOUNTAINS

In Alfaro, 1st Century. Roman Nymph Fountain. A National Monument. A hydraulic complex comprising a dam, bridge and fountain, a place to worship the nymphs of Alhama until the 4th century.

SCULPTURE

Dama Calagurritana. (Lady of Calahorra). A removable head, 21 cms high, found in the archaeological site of La Clínica in Calahorra, dates back to the 2nd century.

Venus of Herramélluri: a bronze sculpture, small in size (20 cms high), 2nd century.

Aphrodite of Calahorra. A white marble sculpture, 1,20 metres high, 1st century.

POTTERY

At the potteries of Tricio, Bezares, Arenzana de Arriba and Nájera red ceramic pots were made, characterised by the fact that they bore a seal with the name of the potter on the base of the article, and for this reason they were called “terra sigillata” (stamped earth).

At the pottery archaeological site of La Maja, which is currently being dug, the vestiges of glass manufacture have appeared.

Logroño

With regard to the Romanisation of the lands of La Rioja, the vestiges of the infrastructures and communication system between the Roman towns are still conserved:

Alfaro: Graccurris: this was the first Roman settlement in the Ebro river valley.

Calahorra: Calagurris and Iula Nassica: since the time of the Pax of Augustus, this became a town in its own right, with public works such as aqueducts, sewers, spas and a circus.

Varea: Vareia. This was one of the most important Roman towns, where numerous remains such as coins, pottery and the gold and silver broach of Varea have been found.

Tricio: Tritium Magallum: this was a pottery centre which distributed “terra sigillata” (stamped earth) containers throughout the Roman Empire.

Libia: a settlement whose foundations are located between Herramélluri and Grañón.

ROADS

The most important road is the Ebro Valley road, from Saragossa to Briviesca. Secondary roads come off this main Ebro road, communicating Numancia through the valleys of the rivers Irregula, Najerilla, Leza, Cidacos and Alhama. A 35 km section of the Roman Road from Varea to Numancia, between Torrecilla at Cameros and Piqueras, has been recovered and conditioned for walking.

BRIDGES

The Mantible bridge over the river Ebro, some seven kilometres from Logroño, towards Asa.

The Cihuri bridge:  a Roman bridge from the 2nd century AD, reconstructed in the medieval period, over the River Tirón in the district of Priorato.

GATEWAYS

At Calahorra, of the town’s four main gateways, the gateway of the Planillo de San Andrés still remains, together with another next to the vestiges of the ramparts under San Francisco, and a further gateway is concealed in the street of Refugio.

TOWERS

Of the five or six towers that were constructed in the high part of Calahorra, only one deteriorated tower, named Morrión de San Andrés, is still conserved at the Portillo de Lan Rosa.

CIRCUSES

In Calahorra there was a Roman circus around the present-day Paseo del Mercandal walk, of which only the vestiges of the northern walls remain. Also to be found in Calahorra are the vestiges of a temple, spas, sewers, drainage system, all of which can be visited.

AQUEDUCTS  
          

At Alcanadre, the vestiges of an aqueduct can be found. 13 arches of the original 108 arches still remain; it is located between the Ebro river and the road from Lodosa to Los Arcos and was designed to carry water to Calahorra, 18 kilometres in a straight line.

The Sorbán Aqueduct, which possibly brought water from the area of Arnedo.

FOUNTAINS

In Alfaro, 1st Century. Roman Nymph Fountain. A National Monument. A hydraulic complex comprising a dam, bridge and fountain, a place to worship the nymphs of Alhama until the 4th century.

SCULPTURE

Dama Calagurritana. (Lady of Calahorra). A removable head, 21 cms high, found in the archaeological site of La Clínica in Calahorra, dates back to the 2nd century.

Venus of Herramélluri: a bronze sculpture, small in size (20 cms high), 2nd century.

Aphrodite of Calahorra. A white marble sculpture, 1,20 metres high, 1st century.

POTTERY

At the potteries of Tricio, Bezares, Arenzana de Arriba and Nájera red ceramic pots were made, characterised by the fact that they bore a seal with the name of the potter on the base of the article, and for this reason they were called “terra sigillata” (stamped earth).

At the pottery archaeological site of La Maja, which is currently being dug, the vestiges of glass manufacture have appeared.

...

Santo Domingo de la Calzada

Riojanatura zoo and environmental education centre, was created as a place of protection, education, and sustainable development from environmental tourismin a natural enclave of high ecological value/>
The site of the centre, at the entrance to  la Sierra de la Demanda, makes it possible to carry out many activities related to the environment of the region, and for this to be a dynamic space to learn in a pleasant way the basic knowledge required for a visit to a fragile environment.

An ideal parkland to visit La Rioja with children, a pleasant walk, which, together with the explanations given by the instructor, will discover the characteristics of the different species, how they live, their curiosities and the difficulties they face in their natural environment. All accompanied by the spectacular scenery of the Oja Valley.

How to get here:
Road direction Ezcaray  (LR 111), when leaving the last building of Sto. Domingo, take the first road on the left and follow the signs.

Santo Domingo de la Calzada

Riojanatura zoo and environmental education centre, was created as a place of protection, education, and sustainable development from environmental tourismin a natural enclave of high ecological value/>
The site of the centre, at the entrance to  la Sierra de la Demanda, makes it possible to carry out many activities related to the environment of the region, and for this to be a dynamic space to learn in a pleasant way the basic knowledge required for a visit to a fragile environment.

An ideal parkland to visit La Rioja with children, a pleasant walk, which, together with the explanations given by the instructor, will discover the characteristics of the different species, how they live, their curiosities and the difficulties they face in their natural environment. All accompanied by the spectacular scenery of the Oja Valley.

How to get here:
Road direction Ezcaray  (LR 111), when leaving the last building of Sto. Domingo, take the first road on the left and follow the signs.

...

Villamediana de Iregua

Ecoparque de La Rioja es the main urban waste treatment centre in the region. Here part of the urban waste from the selective collection applied in La Rioja are classified, recycled and valued, in Private, lightweight containers, and organic matter. The facilities have an environmental classroom which explains, using different teaching methods, the urban waste recycling process. It is also possible to take a guided tour of the plant to know how to value waste and the importance that citizens have in this process.

The visit lasts 1 hour and a half approximately and it is necessary to book at least one day before: 941 011 061.

descargar Plano de acceso

Villamediana de Iregua

Ecoparque de La Rioja es the main urban waste treatment centre in the region. Here part of the urban waste from the selective collection applied in La Rioja are classified, recycled and valued, in Private, lightweight containers, and organic matter. The facilities have an environmental classroom which explains, using different teaching methods, the urban waste recycling process. It is also possible to take a guided tour of the plant to know how to value waste and the importance that citizens have in this process.

The visit lasts 1 hour and a half approximately and it is necessary to book at least one day before: 941 011 061.

descargar Plano de acceso
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