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Sierra Cebollera Nature Reserve
tipo de documento semantico multilingualitem
Located on the northern slopes of La Sierra de Cebollera, in the high River Iregua Valley in the Camero Nuevo region, 50 kilometres from Logroño along the N-111 road, the Reserve covers 23,640 hectares and encompasses the municipalities of Villoslada de Cameros and Lumbreras, as well as the villages of San Andrés and El Horcajo, which have a total population of around 500 inhabitants.
La Sierra de Cebollera is a privileged geological enclave within the Iberian Mountain Range, containing glacial formations known as ‘hollows’ located at heights of over 2,000 metres. Beneath the high mountains the landscape is covered by large natural wild pine, beech and oak forests, of great ecological and aesthetic value. The area is crossed by a number of mountain streams with waterfalls and cascades at different points along the river-bank forest.
It is a landscape whose forests have manage to recover from centuries of intense livestock farming throughout the Cameros region, a traditional culture that has left its mark on the new landscape in the form of corrals, shepherds’ huts and hermitages.
The line of Sierra de Cebollera peaks runs between Puerto de Santa Inés (1,753 m) and Puerto de Piqueras (1,710 m), to the south of the Nature Reserve, and includes: Castillo de Vinuesa (2,083 m), Peñón de Santocenarrio (2,058 m), Cebollera (2,164 m), La Mesa (2,163 m) and Alto de Cueva Mayor (2,138 m).
In addition to pine, beech and oak forests, there are also a number of other more scarce and unique species that contribute to the biodiversity of the Sierra de Cebollera landscape: birch groves, black pine groves, holly groves and pedunculate oak groves.
The Reserve’s wildlife, which is closely linked to forest and high mountain habitats, includes the Iberian grey partridge and forest-dwelling birds of prey, in addition to roe deer, deer and wild boars. In the rivers, trout swim alongside otters, small Iberian desmans and the rare European mink.
The Nature Reserve’s Visitors’ Centre is located in Villoslada de Cameros, at the crossroads between La Virgen de Lomos de Orios Hermitage and Montenegro de Cameros. It contains a permanent exhibition on the most unique characteristics of the Nature Reserve and offers information about resources and scheduled activities.
An audio-visual display is screened in a room which seats 25 people and explains the evolution of the landscape over history, and its transformation as the result of the most important activity carried out over the centuries in the Cameros region: the migration of herds from winter to summer pastures.
The Centre also organises educational activities for schools and groups, depending on the season, as well as providing information about the network of footpaths and the regulations governing the movement of vehicles along the restricted forest tracks.
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